Tuesday, December 19, 2006

December 19, 1950 Hungnam beachhead narrowed to 2 miles. Airport abandoned.

Syracuse Herald Journal -- Front page.
Reds to Invade S. Korea Again
Beachhead Narrowed to 2 Miles

Airport is Abandoned

By Earnest Hoberecht Tokyo (UP)

U.S. Third Division troops in the Hungnam beachhead backed into a two by five-mile escape pocket along the water front yesterday as the revitalized North Korean army announced it would invade South Korea again with the help of the Chinese Reds.

In their fighting withdrawal, the Third Division doughboys abandoned Yonpo airport four miles soutwest of Hungam, leaving only "burglar alarm" outposts ringing the city to warn of new Red attacks.

Fighting with their backs to the sea long the vital waterfront escape docks, the rear guards beat off a succession of screaming "banzai" attacks in which the revived North Korean army joined the Chinese Communists for the first time.

A vast allied armada in Hungnam harbor helped beat back the Red attacks with a flashing curtain of fire. The armada included three deadly rocket launcher ships very close in to shore as well as the battleship Missouri, six aircraft carriers, two cruisers and many destroyers and minesweepers.[snip]
In the Hungnam beachead, the main force of United Nations troops withdrew from Yonpo airport last Sunday but left the field guarded by "burglar alarm outposts."

Yonpo airport is four miles southwest of Hungnam. It carried a heavy lad of cargo, evacuation and fighter planes up to last Thursday, when it was abandoned for air use as the fighting drew closer.

In the west, the U.S. Eighth army front was quiet, but there was speculation that the North Korean army may take up the drive across the 38th Parallel in place of the Chinese Reds.

Reports from the Hungnam beachhead, the last United Nations toehold in Northeast Korea, indicated the U. s. Third Division now was alone in the back-to-the-wall battle against the combined Shineses and North Korean reds.

other headlines

5 Air Guard Units to Be Called Feb. 1

--Cites Lincoln's Example -- 'I Refuse to Dismiss [Sec. of State] Acheson,' Truman says.

On this date, December 19, 1950 -- 16 Americans gave their lives for Korean freedom

Robert L Bonner 1930 Ohio  
Jackie B Bynum 1930 North Carolina  
Bobby Davis 1932 Kentucky  
Henry E Dowling 1921 Virgin Islands  
Osoria Eu Gonzalez 1927 Puerto Rico  
Robert E Hunter 1932 Ohio  
Gerald R Larson 1929 Minnesota  
John D Murphy 1923 Illinois  
Charles L Nibert 1930 Ohio  
Ralph M Olson 22 May 1917 Minnesota  
Eugene E Rhyner 1930 Wisconsin  
Woodroe W Spears 1924 Arkansas  
Frederick Stuckey 1932 Pennsylvania  
Maxine Tyler 1925 Texas  
Charles E West 1924 West Virginia  
Harold D Wilson 1919 Ohio  

Monday, December 18, 2006

On this date, December 18, 1950 --12 Americans gave their lives for Korea

James A Dilver 1927 Maryland  
Manuel Harris 1923 Texas  
Lonnie Hockaday 1929 Pennsylvania  
Jefferson Johnson 1923 California  
Robert V Martin 1931 Iowa  
Aubrey W Mize 1919 Oklahoma  
Charlie Jr Mullins Jr 1926 Illinois  
Eugene Roberson 1918 Georgia  
Alfred L Salter 1928 Pennsylvania  
William A Tilghman 1927 Maryland  
Ivey E Vickers 1923 Alabama  
Douglas C Wilson 1916 Wisconsin  

Syracuse Herald-Journal December 18, 1950
Front page

Truman Will Request Extra Crisis Power
Washington (AP)
President Truman told his Congressional leaders today he needs additional powers in the fields of government contracts and organization in order to deal with the world crisis.

House Speaker Rayburn (D. Tex.) said after a 90-minute White House conference that Mr. Truman indicated he would send a specific request to the Capitol as soon as the necessary papers could be drafted.

House Democratic Leader McCormack (Mass.) said he understood Mr. Truman would ask restoration of powers formerly available to the President under titles on and two of the first War Powers Act.

Title one of theat World War II law allowed the pesident to "create, consolidate, transfer or abolish" bureaus and agencies in the interest of more efficient government.

Title two authorized the President to delegate to war agencies the power to enter into war contracts without regard to existing legal restrictions. This, in effect, provides for contract renegotiation.

In addition to Rayburn and McCormack, the other members of the Congressional "Big Four" -- Vice President Barkley and Senate Democratic Leader Lucas (Ill.) -- attended the conference.

They said the first hour was devoted entirely to a thorough military briefing by Secretary of Defense Marshall, the joint chiefs of staff and the secretaries of the Army, Navy and Air Force, but declined to tell reporters anything about that.

On this date, December 17, 1950 -- 3 Americans gave their lives for Korea

Charles G Chandler 1926 Ohio
Victor M Vega 1930 Puerto Rico
John W Wadsworth 1928 Pennsylvania

On this date, December 16, 1950

Lugo A Alcazar 1918 Puerto Rico
Raymond Del Toro 1932 New York
Alfred E Duvernay 1930 Mississippi
Guadalupe Gallart 1928 Puerto Rico
Vernon D Jenkins 1927 Missouri
Raymond D Penland 1921 Alabama

On this date, December 15, 1950 -- 37 Americans gave their lives for Korea

Melvin R Adams 1925 Tennessee  
Weldon L Bassett 1923 Minnesota  
Dwight M Bergeron 1931 Minnesota  
Earl J Buku 1930 Michigan  
James E Cason 1929 Georgia  
Robert N Clendenin 1929 North Carolina  
John N Dale 1925 Pennsylvania  
Jack R Dauphin 1929 Georgia  
John G Davis 1929 Maine  
Burleigh V Dolph 13 Jul 1922 California  
Elmer E Foster 1924 Louisiana  
Robert J Foster 1932 Tennessee  
Floyd E Graham 1931 Missouri  
Gene T Hall 1927 Kentucky  
John C Hall 1928 New York  
Samuel E Hoffman 1925 Texas  
Roy F James 1921 Maine  
John B Johnson 1933 North Carolina  
John J Keglovitz 1933 Pennsylvania  
George H Lawall 1933 Pennsylvania  
Basil Linkinogger 1932 West Virginia  
Paul Vincent Luhrs 8 Jan 1932 California  
Robert A Maas 1918 Illinois  
John D Meikle 1933 Virginia  
Carl H Muller 1931 New York  
Lewis N Nutter 1919 Massachusetts  
James W Jr Osborn Jr 1930 Arizona  
Camille Plaisance 1930 Louisiana  
Robert H Prentice 1930 Alabama  
Robert F Prue 1924 South Dakota  
Clarence W Swiney 1923 Texas  
Ernest L Jr Thorpe Jr 1933 Pennsylvania  
Norman F Trudeau 1923 Massachusetts  
Richard R Wilson 1928 New Jersey  
Winston G Wilson 1927 Missouri  
Oscar C Yost 1928 West Virginia  
Felix J Zolkowski 1923 New Jersey  

On this date December 14, 1950 -- 11 Americans gave their lives for Korea

Juan P Aponte 1924 Puerto Rico  
Larry O Greenfield 1933 Iowa  
Richard E Harrison 1932 Ohio  
Billy C Hill 1923 Michigan  
Thomas A Long 1921 Arkansas  
Ruiz Benigno Reyes 1918 Puerto Rico  
Ildefonso A Rivera 1923 Puerto Rico  
Antonio Romero 1922 Puerto Rico  
William J Sciulli 1931 Pennsylvania  
Richard J Seadore 1929 Nebraska  
John O Symons 1928 Illinois  

On this date, 13th December 1950, 7 Americans gave their lives for Korean freedom

Jack William Cornelius 1914 New Mexico  
Francis J Dailey 1927 New York  
Harold E Dale 1933 Michigan  
Paul C Hart 1929 New York  
Neal M Morris 1924 North Carolina  
Floyd A Jr Stephenson Jr 1928 District of Columbia  
Charles R Wilson 1924 Texas

Monday, December 11, 2006

December 12, 1950 -- MacArthur Imposes Voluntary Censorship

Tokyo (UP)
Gen. Douglas MacArthur's headquarters asked war correspondents in Korea today to observe four security rules under a voluntary censorship code because of the "quite serious" war situation.

Syracuse Herald Journal, p 1

Mongolian Cavalry Leads New Attack -- December 12, 1950

Syracuse Herald Journal, Page 1

Bulk of Chinese Moving Toward Center of Korea
--2 Divisions--
Reds Try To Turn UN Flank
Thrust Could Peril Seoul
By Earnest Hoberecht Tokyo (UP)
Red China's invasion army, spearheaded by two Mongolian cavalry divisions, turned toward Central Korea today for an apparent drive to outflank the new United Nations defense line guarding Seoul.

Gen. Douglas MacArthur's headquarters reported that the tough Mongolia cavalrymen upped the number of Chinese divisions facing the 160,000 United Nations troops in Korea to 27 -- more than 300,000 men.

Another 700,000 Chinese are believed in reserve in rear areas.

A headquarters communique reported the bulk of the Chinese Reds moving increasingly toward the rugged center of the Korean peninsula as they advanced slowly south from the Pyongyang area.

A Chinese thrust down the center of Korea might turn the Eastern end of the United Nations Eighth Army's defense line around Seoul and threaten the capital's communications at Taegu and Pusan in the south.

For the moment, however, the United Nations forces were out of contact with the Chinese Reds on both western and northeastern fronts.

The Chinese broke off contact in the northeast after the last of 20,000 encircled U.S. First Division Marines and Seventh Division infantrymen escaped into the safety of the allied Hamhung-Hungnam beachhead yesterday.

Future movements of the escaped forces and 40,000 other 10th Corps troops in the bridgehead were shrouded by a firm security curtain.

Officers inside the perimeter told newsmen they were confident the outnumbered 10th Corps could "hold indefinitely" against the Communists. However, a UN fleet of transports and warships was waiting off Hungnam for ??? eventuality" -- including a Dunkerque evacuation.[snip]
The Chinese "are taking advantage of the period of no-contact to reinforce and resupply," a communique said.

"Additional units include two divisions of cavalry, one at present located in the east sector and another in the central-western sector.

"These, presumably Mongolian, are of moderate size, about 4,000 to 7,000 mean each. Lightly armed, they are extremely mobile, capable of traversing the roughest terrain.

"Their Mongol ponies are accustomed to the extreme low temperature and biting winds of the Mongolian plateau. They have extraordinary endurance and can operate on the barest minimum of food and water.

"Such cavalry units are employed on reconnaissance screening missions and also may be used to cut lines of communication and disrupt rear areas.

"Mongol cavalrymen are sturdy and tough. Their normal existence is one of hardhip and exposure to the elements. When additional supplies become necessary, camel trains are employed.

December 12, 1950 -- 154 Americans died for Korean freedom

R A Adams 1914 Arkansas  
Wesley A Anderson 1929 Michigan  
Roy E Barrow 1911 Mississippi  
Matthew P Bartnick 1929 New York  
Thomas L Beelman 1931 Iowa  
John H Bond 1928 Tennessee  
Walter O Borror 1926 West Virginia  
Donald J Bortner 1927 Pennsylvania  
James B Brock 1929 Arizona  
John H Brooks 1929 North Carolina  
Harold M Brown 1930 North Carolina  
Oscar E Bruner 1919 New York  
James E Bryant 1929 Kentucky  
Bernard F Bryk 1931 Pennsylvania  
William R Butz 1931 Washington  
Bobby L Byars 1932 Georgia  
Louis Caputo 1918 New York  
John M Carnes 1933 Ohio  
Percy C Carroll 1925 Kansas  
Robert M Casey 1931 New York  
George R Chadwell 1929 Indiana  
Frank J Charido 1931 Massachusetts  
Joseph K Cieslak 1931 Illinois  
Thomas E Cole 1932 Virginia  
Pete Conley 1931 West Virginia  
John W Cooper 1922 West Virginia  
Robert H Cope 1929 New Jersey  
Frederick Cornell 1921 California  
Irvin T Crews 1929 Virginia  
George S Crisp 1926 Maryland  
Harold L Curtis 1932 Missouri  
Elmer C Dahn 1932 Minnesota  
Robert C Dakin 1928 Massachusetts  
Warren C Day 1931 North Carolina  
Clayton C Delong 1932 Indiana  
Joseph Desloges 1930 Connecticut  
Billy J Dodson 1929 Missouri  
Billy G Donahoe 1924 Texas  
Harold F Drews 1929 Illinois  
John W Jr Eddins Jr 1932 Florida  
C Jr Evans Junior 1930 Texas  
Gene E Evans 1933 California  
Harold A Evans 1928 Washington  
Cameron M Flack 1932 North Carolina  
Henry C Flanders 1904 New Hampshire  
Irvin E Focht 1933 Ohio  
James H Foster 1932 Alabama  
Guadalupe Garcia 1932 Texas  
Victor Garcia 1930 Texas  
James D Gayhart 1931 Kentucky  
Pryor Gobble 1932 Virginia  
Ova L Haire 1932 Kentucky  
Melvin L Handy 1931 Florida  
Arthur Hansen Jr 1931 Maryland  
Max E Harris 1929 Indiana  
Francis B Henig 1929 Ohio  
Julian Herrera 1931 Texas  
Claude R Hess 1930 Wisconsin  
Billy E Holliday 1931 Texas  
George Housekeeper 1922 California  
John I Hoven 1932 Minnesota  
William C Hoyes 1930 Ohio  
James A Hunnicutt 1911 Georgia  
Wilfred K Hussey 1931 Hawaii  
Floyd J R Jackson 1930 Missouri  
Neil R Johnson 1919 Montana  
George J Jr Jones Jr 1932 Pennsylvania  
Nathaniel G Jones 1921 South Carolina  
Barney H Jordan 1930 Alabama  
John K Kaakimaka 1931 Hawaii  
George D Kile 1932 Montana  
Kenneth Kilpatrick 1926 Mississippi  
Clifford John Kleber 11 Sep 1929 New Jersey  
Francis D Knobel 1930 Wisconsin  
Edwin H Knutson 1930 Minnesota  
Delbert Kovalcheck 1930 Pennsylvania  
George L Kyzer 1925 South Carolina  
Howard D La Dieu 1920 New York  
Paul E La Fond 1930 New York  
Harry J Laurence 1924 Ohio  
Tommy K Law 1930 Virginia  
Pete H Lewis 1922 Ohio  
Harry Jr Linneman Jr 1931 Florida  
Kenneth J Long 1929 Texas  
Remi G Lussier 1931 Massachusetts  
Donald Maddox 1929 Kentucky  
Earl H Mason 1911 Florida  
Dale I Mattson 1932 Washington  
Bernard McCaffrey 1932 Michigan  
Thomas J McGuire 1932 Illinois  
Joseph K Meyer 1932 North Dakota  
Frederick Mitchell 1928 Maryland  
Kenneth Mullins 1930 Michigan  
Paul E Myers 1932 Illinois  
James Nelms 1927 Texas  
Delbert W Oakley 1929 Arkansas  
Leon Ernest Patchen 26 May 1929 Minnesota  
Leon B Pendergrass 1921 Alabama  
Albert A Perry 1931 Virginia  
Robert L Phillips 1932 Missouri  
Record Arnold Pitman 1928 North Carolina  
Forest J Poling 1932 Louisiana  
Jasper M Porter 1932 Tennessee  
Rex W Powell 1932 North Carolina  
Herbert W Prentice 1925 Massachusetts  
Odren R Pullin 1929 Georgia  
Nolan R Ramsey 1919 California  
Fred M Rea 1931 Maryland  
Bruce L Reames 1930 California  
George L Reich 1932 Oregon  
Francis J Reimer 1931 Minnesota  
Chester Rice 1930 Kentucky  
Milford D Richards 1929 South Dakota  
Harry A Ricker 1928 Ohio  
Billy J Ridge 1932 Tennessee  
Kenneth L Ridge 1930 Maryland  
William Robinson 1924 Texas  
Raymond C Rogers 1929 Michigan  
Raymond J Romano 1928 Pennsylvania  
Cristobal Romo 1931 California  
Harold E Ross 1931 South Carolina  
Leopoldo L Ruiz 1929 Texas  
Beverly E Russell 1930 Virginia  
Ernest F Russell 1930 New Hampshire  
Elroy R Sapia 1931 Louisiana  
Mayna Schermerhorn 1922 New York  
Donald T Seabourn 1932 California  
Doyle W Shiley 1931 Ohio  
Herbert D Shuck 1931 Washington  
Lester G Simeral 1915 West Virginia  
Charles L Simpson 1929 Kentucky  
Marion F Stumpf 1922 Kansas  
Refugio C Tamayo 1931 Texas  
Roy H Thomas 1928 Maryland  
Forrest Thomasson 1920 Kentucky  
Robert E Thompson 1928 Georgia  
Elwood M Truslow 1930 Virginia  
Elphege Vadenais 1930 Rhode Island  
Orville L Vaughn 1925 West Virginia  
Edward C Vincent 1932 West Virginia  
Joseph P Wagers 1920 South Carolina  
Marvin O Walters 1930 Illinois  
Samuel E Watson 1931 Texas  
Raymond Wellbrock 1930 Ohio  
Carl West 1928 Oklahoma  
Donald C White 1931 California  
Harland N Wilcox 1931 Maine  
Olen B Williams 1913 Alabama  
Horace Wingfield 1920 Texas  
Mathew Wojtowicz 1927 Ohio  
Melvin E Wolfe 1932 California  
Arthur J Wooten 1930 Kentucky  
Victor P Zecchin 1930 Connecticut  
William F Zidelski 1918 New York

December 11, 1950 -- 31 Americans gave their lives in Korea

14 of these men were 20 years old or younger
3 of them were 17

Yutaka Amano California  
Thomas Harry Case Washington  
Lonnie N Cassle California  
Jack J Cirimele California  
Arthur A Clifton New Mexico  
Kenneth Edward Dvorak Wisconsin  
Hosea L Evans 1 Illinois  
Eric N Jr Flackman Jr California  
Charles G Gibson Texas  
David R Gillespie Illinois  
Roper Henry Kentucky  
Herbert Fah Yen Heu Hawaii  
John L Koop Kentucky  
Bobby Dean Lucas Indiana  
Rafael Jr Lugo Jr Ohio  
Charles C Martin Indiana  
Donald McClellan Michigan  
Adelorde Gene Morency Minnesota  
Peter Munjian New York  
Yeichi Nakasato Illinois  
W E Nash III Nebraska  
Lawrence W Overman California  
John U D Page Minnesota  
Malcolm Bruce Peveto Texas  
George S Jr Puhr Jr Kansas  
Michael A Purgaric Michigan  
Thomas J Redgate Massachusetts  
Harold Leslie Ross New York  
William C Schemmel California  
Colin Shultz Wisconsin  
George F Troy New York  

December 11, 1950 Syracuse Herald Journal, Page 1

... the last elements of 25,000 bone-cold, unshaven American Marines and doughboys streamed down onto the Hamhung coastal plain from a series of Red traps near Changjin Reservoir.

A huge fleet stood off Hamhung's port of Hungnam. but whether it would evacuate the weary, outnumbered U.S. 10th Corps units in the northeast remained to be seen. The northwest front was relatively quiet.[snip]

It was evident that MacArthur was concerned seriously about the condition of his forces, particularly the U.S. First Marine Division and units of the Army's Seventh Infantry Division which battled through a frozen, Chinese-lined hell for two weeks on both sides and south of the Changjin Reservoir in notheast Korea..[snip]

The bitter 50-mile retreat -- the longest one of few in the history of the spirited Marine corps -- began Nov. 28. [snip]

A Marine medical officer compared the Leatherneck casualties to those the Corps suffered in taking the tiny atoll of Tarawa in World War II -- 3,168 men. But total Marine and doughboy casualties were higher.[snip]

AP correspondent jack McBeth, the only wire service newsman who was with the trapped force, said more than 4,000 wounded were flown from the snow-mantled airstrip at Koto until two days before the final breakout drive.

Most of the wounded were Marines. There was no estimate of American dead, but MacBeth said the number would be high.

"Two days ago," he wrote, "I watched nearly 200 bodies nosed into a big grave by a bulldozer. There was no time for more elaborate arrangements."

MacBeth called the withdrawal "one of the fighingest retreats in military history." He said the Leathernecks "walked out of 12 days of freezing hell, full of fight after a gory nightmare of death in Korea's icy mountains."

Temperatures at times plunged to 25 degrees below zero.[snip]

In Seoul, the republican capital, United Nations and American officials said they intended to remain in Korea despite the advancing Chinese Communist forces. [snip]

A high ranking Eighth Army spokesman said Sunday no commitments had been made to defend the capital.

Tuesday, December 05, 2006

December 5, 1950 -- 32 Americans gave their lives for Korea

They were
Dewillis Lee Albert Michigan
Robert M Boyer New York
Daniel A Brennie New York
Mervin C Bromfield New York
Robert James Burgwinkle Massachusetts
Lee C Carraway North Carolina
Alvernon Chambers Michigan
James V Chapman Michigan
Stanford O Corner Kansas
Chester Ellis Cummings Indiana
Richard G Cushman Idaho
Howard Winston Dahart Massachusetts
Douglas Truman Dustin Minnesota
Robert M Ford Wisconsin
Doyle Foreman Arkansas
Donald S Foster Ohio
Elmer D Gardner Oklahoma
Carroll Greenwood Tennessee
Irwin Handler California
Kenneth A Hicks Sr Washington
James R Howe Ohio
William Edward Jones New Mexico
Roy Gene Melton Tennessee
Eugene N Miller Illinois
Robert E Miller Washington
Frank Samuel Ogden Illinois
James B Percival Ohio
Augustine Perry Massachusetts
Paul M Pieri Illinois
Lawrence Louis Reinke Ohio
Elmer G Richard California
John J Truan Pennsylvania

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For future

On this date december 5, 1950 -- Reds Hack at Escape Route

Communists in Pyongyang, by Earnest Hoberecht

Tokyo, Wednesday, (UP)

Chinese Communists poured thousands of reinforcements in Northeast Korea yeserday and pushed to within 17 miles of the port of Hamhung on the escape route for 15,000 to 20,000 U.S. marines and infantrymen trapped below the Chosin reservoir.

The Marines were fighting desperately to keep open a tiny airstrip at Hagaru, one mile south of the reservoir, long enough to evacuate their wounded before making their own supreme effort to escape the trap.

To the west, other waves of Chinese occupied burning Pyongyang and began hacking at the escape route of the US Eighth Army between Pyongyang and Seoul.

Six Chinese divisions hit the Americans south of the Chosin reservoir for the sixth straight day. Trapped there around Hagaru, 37 miles northwest of Hamhung, are the U. S. marine First division and two regiments of the U.S. Seventh Division. Marine commanders said they doubted if they could hold the Hagaru airstrip- through the night. [exerpt from Syracuse Herald Journal (Syracuse, New York)
page 1, December 5, 1950]

On this date December 4, 1950 -- 44 Americans died for Korean freedom

Bernardo R Ayala Texas
Richard D Bartley Idaho
Donald J Barton Michigan
Earl B Boyle Kansas
Jesse Leroy Brown Mississippi
Buddy B Burris California
Thomas T Caldwell Wisconsin
Clifton W Conley Pennsylvania
Maurice E Cook Iowa
Donald L Davis Missouri
Coleman L Everett Arkansas
Theodore Fellis California
James F Friday Connecticut
Domingo Garcia Michigan
Charles Grigelis West Virginia
Ernest E Haussler New Jersey
Carlie Darryl Hawkins California
Robert J Hebert Louisiana
Allan Bennett Hoaglard Kentucky
Benjamin William Hulsey Texas
Charles W Jones Alabama
Ralph Edwin King Ohio
Quinton E Lindler Indiana
J L Mathis Tennessee
Everett H Miller Pennsylvania
Paul Monaco Connecticut
Custer E Mooney Texas
Golden Napier West Virginia
Jack Grimes Oliver Oklahoma
Arthur J Omara Jr Texas
Patrick Obrien Parrish Texas
James Parsons Virginia
George Francis Reis California
James Edward Renner Missouri
Robert S Skees Pennsylvania
Ralph R Thurmond Tennessee
Arthur E Truslow Virginia
Carl R Wagner Ohio
William Edward Wagner Utah
David Charles Walsh California
Willie J Watkins Georgia
Jerome Daniel Wentworth Mississippi
John Bailey Werb Pennsylvania
Edward Allen Williams Tennessee

On this date -- December 3, 1950

Saving this space for later

Saturday, December 02, 2006

On this date, December 2, 1950, 490 Americans gave their lives so Korea might be free

Troops from OHIO

James L Baechle  
George L Bourdeau  
Ronald C Bowshier  
Joseph Harlow Burks  
Thomas G Carr  
Harry C Dennis  
Roger F Eckert  
Kenneth R Foreman  
Arthur J Foust  
Richard Stanley Gzik  
William Herrington  
Charlie H Hill  
Charles Hiltibran  
Lyle A Hoffman  
Clarence Henry Huff Jr  
Billy L Kidd  
Raymond Krasinski  
Raymond Lamb  
Robert V Layton  
Donald V MacLean  
Paul F Maret  
Edwin L Morgan  
Robert T Ott  
Hubert C Reed  
Charles M Reeves  
Robert Retherford  
Richard Romanchik  
Guy M Schroeder  
Donald R Smith  
William Steele Jr  
Kenneth B Williams
Robert O Wolfe  

Headlines and editorial from Zanesville Signal 12/04/1950

Headlines Zanesville paper

China Reds push toward Pyongyang
Yanks seek to ward off new assault
MacArthur says 500,000 Chinese troops in Korea

Tokyo (AP)-- Chinese reds swarmed froth tonight for an attack on Pyongyang. Allied rear echelon units and refugees streamed south out of the former Korean Communist capital ahead of the new Red wave.

A spokesman said the Eighth army, trying desperately to hold a defense line 30 miles to the north, "will not withdraw from any position or from anywhere until forced to do so by enemy action."

If forced to do so, he added, "the army will" destroy things of military value to the enemy.

"This military policy will apply if it becomes necessary to evacuate Pyongyang."[snip]

Korean allied sympathizers warned that a fifth column had infiltrated Pyongyan. Rigid controls were set up at the city gates.

Draft Law Change Held Unnecessary

Washington (AP)--Chairman Vinson (D-Ga) of the house armed services committee said today he saw no reason for any change in the draft law this year to speed up expansion of the armed forces.

President Truman has set a goal of 2,771,000 defense force by June 30.

Vinson said there are enough men left in the 19 through 25 bracket to meet the army's draft need without changing the law this year.

Neither the air force nor navy has utilized the draft so far.

Draft calls for 40,000 men in December and the same number in January have been issued. The defense department asked yesterday for 50,000 more in February.

Page 4, The Zanesville Signal -- a Democratic Newspaper. December 2, 2006

United We stand
This is a time for the free nations of the world to stand up and be counted. It is a new and greater test of their moral fiber than the one they met so well at the outbreak of the Korean war.

Red China's intervention in Korea is tending to divide the wester powers. France and Britain, pre-occupied with their own vulnerablility to attack by Russia are not anxious to see the United States and its helpers tied up in a long war with the Communist Chinese.

Leo Dehnen, foreign correspondent for NEA, reported in a recent dispatch that a split in the North Atlantic front is exactly what the Kremlin is striving for. Once the unity of the West should go, Russia would feel free to move more boldly in its course of conquest.

If, as seems likely, this is indeed the Soviet aim, the free nations must guard desperately against a break in ranks. This is no moment for division, for timidity, for concentration upon individual national weakness.

The Communists respect only strength and force. Where they do not meet it, they push in. The free world has the might to resist their further encroachment; but only when all its members combine in a solid front.

it is not too late to avert disaster for freedom, despite the counsels of despair heard in many quarters. The liberty-loving peoples of the earth can save their heritage if they will jointly resolve to do so, and proceed with utmost speed to carry out programs which must stem automatically from the resolve.

If any are really too weak or fearful to engage in this great enterprise, it is better that we know it now rather than count upon help we won't get.

At root this crisis is a moral one. Do people who have known real freedom prize it enough to fight for it if necessary? Or are they so beaten down by repeated wars and endless economic distress that they are content merely to live, however ignobly?

Each country must answer these questions with a clear "yes" or "no." A "maybe" isn't good enough. We need to know who is lined up on our side in this struggle.

And once the choice is made we must all face promptly and realistically the task of defending the free portions of the earth. Some crucial, fateful decisions lie ahead. The biggest is how to balance our strength between Europe and Asia. But they cannot be made with sureness until we have learned the names in the roster of freedom.

Friday, December 01, 2006

Joseph C. Whtehead wounded Dec 1, 1950; died Jan 10, 1951

Joseph Clark Whitehead
Birth Date: 1909
Birth City: Parker
State Registered: Texas
Death Date: 10 Jan 1951
Death Country: Korea
Death Description: Died of Wounds
War: Korean War
Title: Major, U.S. Army
Rank: Major
Service: U.S. Army
Service ID: XXXXXX
Notes: Major Whitehead was a member of Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 82nd Anti-Aircraft Artillery (Automatic Weapons) Battalion, 2nd Infantry Division. He was seriously wounded while fighting the enemy near Kunu-ri, North Korea on December 1, 1950 and died of those wounds on January 10, 1951. For his leadership and valor, Major Whitehead was awarded the Bronze Star, the Purple Heart, the Korean Service Medal, the United Nations Service Medal, the National Defense Service Medal, the Korean Presidential Unit Citation and the Republic of Korea War Service Medal.
Data Source: Korean War Veterans Honor Roll

December 1, 1950 -- Korean War -- 747 Americans die

On December 1, 1950 -- 747 Americans gave their lives for the freedom of millions of Koreans.

From Illinois

James L Allen

James Alston Baker Birth Date: 1928
Death Date: 1 Dec 1950 Missing in Action - Presumed Dead

Notes: Corporal Baker was a member of Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 503rd Field Artillery Battalion, 2nd Infantry Division. He was listed as Missing in Action while fighting the enemy near Kunu-ri, North Korea on December 1, 1950. He was presumed dead on December 31, 1953. Corporal Baker was awarded the Purple Heart, the Korean Service Medal, the United Nations Service Medal, the National Defense Service Medal and the Korean War Service Medal.
Data Source: Korean War Veterans Honor Roll
Robert A Bell
Floyd T Bey
Charles E Bone

Frank Maher Brown Birth Date: 1908 Death Date: 1 Dec 1950 Killed in Action

Notes: Major Brown was a member of Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 503rd Field Artillery Battalion, 2nd Infantry Division. He was Killed in Action while fighting the enemy near Kunu-ri, North Korea on December 1, 1950. His remains were not recovered. Major Brown was awarded the Purple Heart, the Korean Service Medal, the United Nations Service Medal, the National Defense Service Medal, the Korean Presidential Unit Citation and the Republic of Korea War Service Medal.
Data Source: Korean War Veterans Honor Roll

Thomas Cartalino
Alva E Catt
Larry Ray Cimino
Daniel Cunningham
Lee A Dewey
F C Fox
Richard D Fresen
Peter T Golden
Artheria M Harris
John J Hartong
George E Hartwell
Dale A Hoerr
Martin L Howell
Norman R Johnson
Roy C Johnson
Howard G Malcolm
Eugene L Marks
Samuel K Meagher
Albert Morgan
Patrick Frank Oconnor
Chester J Papineau
William George Payne
Milo G Paynovich
Orville W Pierce
Frank J Roberta
Arthur H Rogers
Brown Sebastian
Andrew B Shane
James C Simpson
Edgar T Jr Snipes Jr
Joseph Elmer Stewart
John L Stumpf
Alvin J Tadlock
George S Thorsen
Theodore P Tracy
Stephen T Uurtamo
Robert Williams
Robert W Zak

From New York

Duane F Barlow
Michael J Barra
Howard R Belden
Bruno D Bevivino
Lloyd H Bresett
Donald Meredith Chapple
James A Colasanti
Robert W Corsetti
Walter J Cox
Stanley J Davis
George J Deinhardt
Edward W Dossie
Robert G Fitzer
William S Gebou
George J Kish
Richard W Krahl
John G Jr Lavelle Jr
Henry C Martin
James Maxwell
Luke T Misciagno
William A Morris
Richard H Murphy
Frederick Murray
Kenneth Angus Partlow
Lynn R Peterson
Clayton M Pierce
William Edward Jr Regan Jr
Stanley Q Rhodes
Caswell L Sangster
Dewitt R Smith
Javery Edler Smith
Ronald C Sparks
Joseph Trepasso
Lambert T Vervoort
Thomas G Wachtman
Herman Weissman
Theodore Wright

Chinatown is Uneasy

San Francisco (UP) --
The city's famed Chinatown, largest Chinese community outside the orient, feared today that the intervention of the Chinese Communists in Korea might bring about "unpleasant repercussions" here.
Influential Chinese leaders were reticent about discussing the subject. However, some shopkeepers and restaurant owners cautiously admitted they had noted signs of "resentment" on the part of Caucasians.

Syracuse Herald-Tribune, December 1, 1950 p16

December 1, 1950 -- Europeans, UN give MacArthur grief

Some things never change

Even though the UN approved the UN-led fight in Korea, the Europeans criticized the war effort there.

Front page of Syracuse Herald-Journal from December 1, 1950

Marines Battling out of Red Trap
No need for A-bomb says MacArthur Aid*
'We won't be pushed out of Korea'

Must meet Red Challenge
'Facing heavy odds,' MacArthur asserts

Frankfurt, Germany (UP) -- Gen. Douglas MacArthur said today that his United Nations forces are fighting in Korea against military odds without precedent in history, and warned that failure to meet the Red challenge there will leave it to "be fought, and possibly lost, on the battlefieds of Europe."

I told the general that ... European statesmen ...saw war in Asia as a nightmare, retarding the
successful organization of European defense. [snip]

As to the opinion in Europe, the general said: "There appears to be a general failure, intentional or from misinformation, to comprehend the mission prescribed for this command by resolutions of the United Nations of which their governments were joint architects and directors, or fairly to recognize that in success or adversity this command has proceeded unerringly in compliance with controlling policies and directives."

MacArthur said he could only attribute such comment to a "somewhat selfish, though most short-sighted, viewpoint.[snip]

"The issue is a global one and failure to comprehend this fact carries the germs of freedom's ultimate destruction. If the fight is not waged with courage and invincible determination to meet the challenge here, it will indeed be fought and possibly lost, on the battlefields of Europe."

*Truman had hinted, a day or so previously, that he might use the A-Bomb.


From page 16 of the same paper...

'Hampered by UN Curbs' -- MacArthur.

Washington (AP)-- Gen. Douglas MacArthure said today the military situation in Korea is serious and critical but not hopeless.

He added, however, that he regards as "an enormous handicap, without precedent in military operations," the United Nations restrictions against unlimited pursuit of the Chinese Communists and aerial attacks on their Manchurian bases.

MacArthur made the statement in a copyrighted interview with the Magazine U.S. News and World Report.